PD Dr. Heiko Schmaljohann


Optimierungsstrategien, Rastplatzökologie, Abzugsentscheidungen, Flugverhalten, Orientierung

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Institut für Biologie und Umweltwissenschaften (IBU)

Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
Postfach 2503
26111 Oldenburg

Tel.: +49-(0)441-798-3253 Fax: +49-(0)441-798-3250


Muheim, R., Schmaljohann, H. & Alerstam, T. 2018.  Feasibility of sun and magnetic compass mechanisms in avian long-distance migration. Movement Ecology 6: 8.

Schmaljohann, H., Müller, F., Klinner, T. & Eikenaar, C. 2018. Potential age differences in the migratory behaviour of a nocturnal songbird migrant during autumn and spring. Journal of Avian Biology (published online).

Schmaljohann, H. 2018 Proximate mechanisms affecting seasonal differences in migration speed of avian species. Scientific Reports 8: 4106.

Müller, F., Eikenaar, C., Crysler, Z.J., Taylor, P.D. & Schmaljohann, H. 2018 Nocturnal departure timing in songbirds facing distinct migratory challenges. Journal of Animal Ecology 87: 1102-1115.

access via: https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1365-2656.12821

Eikenaar, C., Ballstaedt, E., Hessler, S., Klinner, T., Müller, F & Schmaljohann, H. 2018 Cues, corticosterone and departure decisions in a partial migrant. General and Comparative Endocrinology 261, 59-66

full-text access: https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1Wp6T3oGhA6Xn

Lisovski, S., Schmaljohann, H., Bridge, E.S., Bauer, S., Fransworth, A., Gauthreaux, S.A., Hahn, S., Hallworth, M.T., Hewson, C.M., Kelly, J.F., Liechti, F., Marra, P.P., Rakhimberdiev, E., Ross, J.D., Seavy, N.E., Sumner, M.D., Taylor, C.M., Winkler, D.W., Wotherspoon, S.J. & Wunder, M.B. 2018 Inherent limits of light-level geolocation may lead to over-interpretation. Current Biology 28, R89-R99-R100.

Schweizer, M., Shirihai, H., Schmaljohann, H. & Kirwan, G.M. 2018 Phylogeography of the House Bunting complex: discordance between species limits and genetic markers. Journal of Ornithology, 159, 47-61.

full-text access to a view-only version: http://rdcu.be/wIL8


Schmaljohann, H. & Both, C. 2017 The limits of modifying migration speed to adjust to climate change. Nature Climate Change. 7, 573-576

full-text access to a view-only version

Rösseler, D., Schmaljohann, H. & Bairlein, F. 2017 Timing of migration, routes and wintering grounds of a short-distance diurnal migrant revealed by geolocation: A case study of Linnets Carduelis cannabina. Journal of Ornithology, 158, 875-880

Schmaljohann, H. & Eikenaar, C. 2017 How do energy stores and changes in these affect departure decisions by migratory birds? – A critical view on stopover ecology studies and some future perspectives. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 203, 411-429

Schmaljohann, H., Lisovski, S. & Bairlein, F. 2017 Flexible reaction norms to environmental variables along the migration route and the significance of stopover duration for total speed of migration in a songbird migrant. Frontiers in Zoology 14, 17

Eikenaar, C., Müller, F., Leutgeb, C., Hessler, S., Lebus, K., Taylor, P.D. & Schmaljohann, H. 2017 Corticosterone and timing of migratory departure in a songbird. Proceeding of the Royal Society of London B 284, 20162300

Yamaura, Y., Schmaljohann, H., Lisovski, S., Senzaki, M., Kawamura, K., Fujimaki, Y. & Nakamura, F. 2017 Tracking the Stejneger’s stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri along the East Asian–Australian Flyway from Japan via China to Southeast Asia. Journal of Avian Biology. 48, 197-202

Müller, F., Taylor, P.D., Sjöberg, S., Muheim, R., Tsvey, A., Mackenzie, S.A. & Schmaljohann, H. 2016  Towards a conceptual framework for explaining variation in the nocturnal departure time of songbird migrants. Movement Ecology 4, 24.

Becker, P.H., Schmaljohann, H., Riechert, J., Wagenknecht, G., Zajková, Z. & González-Solís, J. 2016 Common Terns on the East-Atlantic Flyway: Temporal-spatial distribution during the non-breeding period. Journal of Ornithology 157, 927-940.

Eikenaar, C. , Müller, F., Kämpfer, S. & Schmaljohann, H. 2016 Fuel accumulation advances nocturnal departure: A migratory restlessness study on northern wheatears at stopover. Animal Behavior 117, 9-14.

Eikenaar, C., Fritzsch, A., Kämpfer, S. & Schmaljohann, H. 2016 Late spring migrants are in a hurry, but do not increase their refueling rate. Animal Behavior 112, 75-81.

Schmaljohann, H., Meier, C., Arlt, D., Bairlein, F., van Oosten, H., Morbey, Y. E., Åkesson, S., Buchmann, M., Chernetsov, N., Desaever, R., Elliott, J., Hellström, M., Liechti, F., López, A., Middleton, J., Ottosson, U., Pärt, T., Spina, F. & Eikenaar, C. 2016 Proximate causes of avian protandry in a long-distance migrant: a comparison of subspecies with contrasting migration routes. Behavioral Ecology 27, 321-331.

Eikenaar, C., Tsevy, A. & Schmaljohann, H. 2015 Faster spring migration in northern wheatears is not explained by an endogenous seasonal difference in refueling rates. Journal of Avian Biology 46, 616-621.

Bairlein, F., Eikenaar, C. & Schmaljohann, H. 2015 Routes to genes: Unravelling the control of avian migration – an integrated approach using Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe as model organism. Journal of Ornithology 156, S3-S14.

Schmaljohann, H., Kämpfer, S., Fritzsch, A., Kima, R. & Eikenaar, C. 2015 Start of nocturnal migratory restlessness in captive birds predicts nocturnal departure time in free-flying birds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 69, 909-914

Eikenaar, C. & Schmaljohann, H. 2015 Wind conditions experienced during the day predict nocturnal restlessness in a migratory songbird. Ibis 157, 125-132.

Eikenaar, C., Klinner, T., de Lille, T., Bairlein, F. & Schmaljohann, H.  2014 Fuel loss and flexible fuel deposition rates in a long-distance migrant. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 68:1465-1471.

Bulte, M., McLaren, J., Schmaljohann, H., Bouten, W., Bairlein, F. & Shamoun-Baranes, J. 2014 Can wheatears weather the Atlantic? Modeling nonstop trans-Atlantic flights of a small migratory songbird. The Auk 131: 363-370.

Cormann, A.-M., Bairlein, F. & Schmaljohann, H. 2014 The nature of the migration route shapes physiological traits and aerodynamic properties in a migratory songbird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 68, 391-402.

Bairlein, F., Dierschke, V., Delingat, J., Eikenaar, C., Maggini, M., Bulte, M. & Schmaljohann, H. 2013 Revealing the control of migratory fueling: an integrated approach combining laboratory and field studies in northern wheatears Oenanthe oenanthe. Current Zoology 59, 381-392.

Schmaljohann, H., Korner-Nievergelt, F., Naef-Daenzer, B., Nagel, R., Maggini, I., Bulte, M. & Bairlein, F. 2013 Stopover optimization in a long-distance migrant: the role of fuel load and nocturnal take-off time in Alaskan northern wheatears (Oenanthe oenanthe). Frontiers in Zoology 10, 26.

Schmaljohann, H., Rautenberg, T., Muheim, R., Naef-Daenzer, B. & Bairlein, F. 2013 Response of a free-flying songbird to an experimental shift of the light polarization pattern around sunset. Journal of Experimental Biology 216, 1381-1387.

Stefanescu, C., Páramo, F., Åkesson, S., Alarcón, M., Ávila, A., Brereton, T., Carnicer, J., Cassar, L.F.,  Fox, R.,  Heliola, J., Hill, J.K., Hirneisen, N., Kjellén, N., Kühn, E., Kuussaari, M., Leskinen, M., Liechti, F., Musche, M., Regan, E., Reynolds, D., Roy, D.B., Ryrholm, N., Schmaljohann, H., Settele, J., Thomas, C.D., van Swaay, C. & Chapman, J. 2013 Multi-generational long-distance migration of insects: studying the painted lady butterfly in the Western Palaearctic. Ecography 36, 474-486.

Schmaljohann, H., Fox, J.W. & Bairlein, F. 2012 Phenotypic response to environmental cues, orientation, and costs of migration in songbirds flying half around the world. Animal Behaviour 84, 623-640.                      

Schmaljohann, H., Buchmann, M., Fox, J.W. & Bairlein, F. 2012 Tracking migration routes and the annual cycle of a trans-Sahara songbird migrant. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 66, 915-922.

Bairlein, F., Norris, D.R., Nagel, R., Bulte, M., Voigt, C.C. Fox, J. & Schmaljohann, H. 2012 Cross-hemisphere migration of a 25-gram songbird. Biology Letters 8, 505-507.

Schmaljohann, H. & Naef-Daenzer, B. 2011 Body condition and wind support initiate shift in migratory direction and timing of nocturnal departure in a free flying songbird. Journal of Animal Ecology 80, 1115-1122.

Arizaga, J., Schmaljohann, H. & Bairlein, F. 2011 Stopover behaviour and dominance in migrants: a case study with the Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe). Ardea 99, 157-165.

Schmaljohann, H., Becker, P.J.J., Karaardic, H., Liechti, F., Neaf-Daenzer, B. & Grande, C. 2011 Nocturnal exploratory flights, departure time, and direction in a migratory songbird. Journal of Ornithology 152, 439-452.

Delingat, J., Hobson, K.A., Dierschke, V., Schmaljohann, H. & Bairlein, F. 2011 Morphometrics and stable isotopes differentiate populations of Northern Wheatears (Oenanthe oenanthe). Journal of Ornithology 152, 383-395.

Salewski, V., Schmaljohann, H. & Liechti, F. 2010 Spring passerine migrants stopping over in the Sahara are not fall-outs. Journal of Ornithology 151, 371-378.

Schmaljohann, H. & Liechti, F. 2009 Adjustments of wingbeat frequency and airspeed to air density in free flying migratory birds. Journal of Experimental Biology 212, 3633-3642.

Schmaljohann, H., Liechti, F. & Bruderer, B. 2009 Trans-Sahara migrants select flight altitudes to minimize energy costs rather than water loss. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 63, 1609-1619.

Delingat, J., Dierschke, V., Schmaljohann, H. & Bairlein, F. 2009 Diurnal patterns in body mass change during stopover in a migrating songbird. Journal of Avian Biology 40, 625-634.

Schmaljohann, H., Bruderer, B. & Liechti, F. 2008 Sustained bird flights occur at temperatures beyond expected limits of water loss rates. Animal Behaviour 76, 1133-1138.

Zaugg, S., Saporta, G., van Loon, E., Schmaljohann, H. & Liechti, F. 2008 Automatic identification of bird targets with radar via patterns produced by wing flapping. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 5, 1041-1053.

Schmaljohann, H., Liechti, F., Bächler, E., Steuri, T. & Bruderer, B. 2008 Quantification of bird migration by radar – a detection probability problem. Ibis 150, 342-355.

Schmaljohann, H., Liechti, F. & Bruderer, B. 2008 First records of Lesser Black-backed Gulls (Larus fuscus) crossing the Sahara non-stop. Journal of Avian Biology 39, 233-237.

Schmaljohann, H., Liechti, F. & Bruderer, B. 2007 An addendum to “Songbird migration across the Sahara: the non-stop hypothesis rejected!” Proceeding of the Royal Society of London B 274, 1919-1920.

Schmaljohann, H., Liechti, F. & Bruderer, B. 2007 Songbird migration across the Sahara – the non-stop hypothesis rejected! Proceeding of the Royal Society of London B 274, 735-739.

Schmaljohann, H., Liechti, F. & Bruderer, B. 2007 Daytime passerine migrants over the Sahara – are these diurnal migrants or prolonged flights of nocturnal migrants? Ostrich 78, 357-362.

Liechti, F. & Schmaljohann, H. 2007 Vogelzug über der westlichen Sahara. Der Ornithologische Beobachter 104, 33-44.

Liechti, F. & Schmaljohann, H. 2007 Flight altitudes of nocturnal spring migrants over the Sahara governed by wind. Ostrich 78, 337-341.

Delingat, J., Dierschke, V., Schmaljohann, H., Mendel, B. & Bairlein, F. 2006. Optimal migration strategy by daily stopovers in a long distance migrating passerine: the Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe). Ardea 94, 593-605.

Schmaljohann, H. & Salewski, V. 2005 Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata in Mauritania: first breeding records. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 12, 153-155.

Schmaljohann, H. & Thoma, M. 2005 First record of American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica for Mauritania, and its status in western Africa. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 12, 158-161.

Salewski, V., Schmaljohann, H. & Herremanns, M. 2005 New bird records from Mauritania. Malimbus 27, 19-32.

Schmaljohann, H. & Dierschke, V. 2005 Optimal bird migration and predation risk: a field experiment with northern wheatears Oenanthe oenanthe. Journal of Animal Ecology 74, 131-138.

Dierschke, V., Mendel, B. & Schmaljohann, H. 2005 Differential timing of spring migration in northern wheatears Oenanthe oenanthe: hurried males or weak females? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 57, 470-480.

Dierschke, V., Delingat, J. & Schmaljohann, H. 2003 Time allocation in migrating Northern Wheatears (Oenanthe oenanthe) during stopover: is refuelling limited by food availability or metabolically? Journal of Ornithology 144, 33-44.