Heidenreich, Martin; Kädtler, Jürgen; Mattes, Jannika (Eds.) (2017)
Innovation is increasingly based on distributed knowledge sources, given that firms often do not possess all competencies necessary for fundamental innovations. Hence, the manner in which firms organize the access to external knowledge and make use of this knowledge in internal innovation processes is crucial for the success of innovation. Learning processes have to be organized across organizational, spa¬tial, functional, and disciplinary boundaries – in particular with regard to colla¬bo¬ra¬tion between knowledge producing and knowledge using firms, suppliers, clients, diverse knowledge based service providers, or research and development centers and universities. The crucial point is how external knowledge gathered in these collaborations can be used within the organization. At this juncture, a specific recontextualization prob¬lem arises for firms, because the successful adoption of externally created knowledge depends on shared experiences of actors and the specific context of the organization where the knowledge has been created. Therefore, externally created knowledge whichmay be incorporated into routines, products, services, and documents has to be (re–)contextualized and recombined using context specific and subjective ex¬pe¬riences, perceptions, and capabilities of the involved actors. It is the solution of re¬contextualization problems that poses the particular challenge of collaborative in¬no¬vation processes. The research project »Collaborative Innovations« (COLLIN) started from the assumption that hierarchical, market, network, and community based forms of go¬vernance play a crucial role for the adoption of external knowledge. Due to their different characteristics with regard to the access to the formation process of the external knowledge as well as the proprietary use of the acquired knowledge the respective governance forms facilitate different ways of dealing with external know¬ledge in collaborative innovation processes.
Heidenreich, Martin (ed.) 2016
Exploring Inequality in Europe. Diverging Income and Employment Opportunities in the Crisis. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Europe has become a dominant frame for the generation, regulation and perception of social inequalities. This trend was solidified by the current economic crisis, which is characterized by increasing inequalities between central and peripheral countries and groups. By analysing the double polarization between winners and losers of the crisis, the segmentation of labour markets and the perceived quality of life in Europe, this book contributes to a better understanding of patterns and dynamics of inequality in an integrated Europe.
The contributions from experts in the field offer a multi-level perspective. They explore links between objective inequalities and subjective perceptions and frames of reference. They combine the analysis of growing inequalities between different social groups and between central and peripheral countries. Analysis of unemployment and income inequality is based on European-wide micro datasets and the editor argues for both European and national frames of reference for analysis of unemployment and income inequality.
Offering new insights on the increasing unemployment and income inequalities in Europe before and during the current financial and Eurozone crisis, this is a vital text. Anyone interested in the challenges of social cohesion in Europe will find this book a rich, innovative resource.
Dorothee Spannagel (2016)
Discovering methods to combat poverty and social exclusion has now become a major political challenge in Europe. Combating Poverty in Europe offers an original and timely analysis of how this challenge is met by actors at European, national and subnational levels. Building on a European study comparing Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK, this book provides new insights into the processes and mechanisms that promote or hinder interaction between the increasingly multi-layered European system for responding to poverty and social exclusion in EUmember states. The contributors present systematic and comparative analyses of social policy design, institutional frameworks and delivery practices from a multi-level governance perspective. Original and diverse, this book will appeal to researchers and scholars in comparative social policy, as well as policy officials in the EU, national government and anti-poverty NGOs.
Editors: Rune Halvorsen and Bjørn Hvinden
Contributors include: A. Angelin, H. Bennett, D. Clegg, M. Ferrera, R. Halvorsen, B. Hvinden, M. Jessoula, H. Johansson,M. Koch, W. Kozek, J. Kubisa, F. Maino, A. Panican, D. Spannagel, E. Ugreninov & M. Zieleńska
Integrating Social and Employment Policies in Europe
Active Inclusion and Challenges for Local Welfare Governance
Martin Heidenreich and Deborah Rice (2016)
Edited by Martin Heidenreich and Deborah Rice, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany
A central goal of European activation policies is to integrate social and employment policies into a coherent active inclusion approach that fosters social cohesion and enhances the employment chances of vulnerable groups. This requires a reorganisati on of social and employment services especially at the local level. On the basis of empirical studies of six European welfare states, this book explores how diff erent institutional contexts influence localised service delivery and how local actors deal with the associated coordinati on challenges.
Hardback 978 1 78347 491 2
Jenny Preunkert und Georg Vobruba (2015)
Gesellschaftsbildung in der Eurokrise
Implementing Activation Policies
Sebastian Künzel (2015)
Implementing Activation Policies
An Analysis of Social and Labour Market Policy Reforms in Continental Europe with a Focus on Local Case Studies in France and Germany
Transnationale Produktentwicklungsprozesse in multinationalen Unternehmen
Sinje Späth (2014)
Die Innovationsfähigkeit von multinationalen Unternehmen basiert zunehmend auf der Vernetzung von Niederlassungen in führenden Fertigungsregionen, Wachstumsmärkten und technologischen Clustern. Mitarbeiter nehmen die Dezentralisierung von Entwicklungskompetenzen jedoch eher mit Resignation als Begeisterung hin. Autonomiebestrebungen, heterogene Arbeits- und Wissensstrukturen und verschiedene soziokulturelle Hintergründe führen zu Konflikten zwischen verteilten Managern und Entwicklern. Diese Studie erklärt die institutionellen, macht- und organisationstheoretischen Ursachen hinter Konflikten in Transnationalisierungsprozessen. Drei Fallstudien geben einen spannenden Einblick in die strategische Aushandlung und operative Umsetzung transnationaler Produktentwicklungsprojekte.
Martin Heidenreich (2014) (Hrsg.)
Die europäische Integration führte insbesondere seit den 1990er Jahren zu einer grundlegenden Transformation der sozialen Beziehungen und der Lebenssituation der Menschen in Europa. Während sich das Leben der Menschen in der Nachkriegszeit vorrangig im Rahmen von Nationalstaaten abspielte, geht die Öffnung nationalstaatlicher Räume mit einer zunehmen-den grenzüberschreitenden Verflechtung und einer stärkeren transnationalen Integration sozialer Interaktionen, Einstellungen und Deutungen einher. Nicht nur Politik und Wirtschaft, sondern auch die europäischen Gesellschaften sind in den letzten Jahrzehnten sehr eng zusammengewachsen. Dieses transnationale Vergesellschaftungsmuster ist eine der Ursachen für die spezifische Form der Finanzmarkt- und Währungskrise, die Europa seit 2008 erschüttert. In diesem Sammelband präsentieren 12 der profiliertesten Europaforscher aus dem In- und Ausland ihre aktuellen Arbeiten zur Krise innerhalb Europas und entwickeln dabei eigenständige soziologische Perspektiven.
Die alltägliche Reproduktion nationaler Grenzen
Nils Müller (2014)
There were great expectations about formerly separated border regions becoming the nucleus of a truly integrated Europe, when internal border
controls were abolished by the Schengen treaty in 1995. Reality has proven them wrong: On the basis of qualitative interviews with people
living in three German border regions, Nils Müller argues that the national border still plays an important role in the everyday lives of
the borderlanders and there is no automatic expansion of their activity radius. Not because of negative sentiments or even some kind of fear of
the unknown, but because every day routines are firmly established and change very slowly and only under specific circumstances.
Next to a systematic overview of the state of the art in social science research on national borders, the author develops a conceptual model of
every day routines and their change, which is then applied to the case of the opening of national borders in Europe. He describes border
regions as “regions of frontiers” in which complex configurations of different social spaces emerge, that each develop their specific
relationship towards the border.
The book is intended especially for readers that are dealing with processes of spatial transformation or European integration from a theoretical or practical perspective.