Biodiversity and Evolution of Plants

Christoph Hahn

Phd candidate in the AG Biodiversity and Evolution of Plants

PhD thesis

KALE (GRÜNKOHL) – BIODIVERSITY IN GENES, CHEMISTRY AND PLANT-HERBIVORE INTERACTION

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) is a widely cultivated vegetable with important varieties in many parts of the world, especially Europe. The morphological variation ranges from white and red cabbage over broccoli, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi, Brussels sprout to lesser known varieties. In this project, we focus on kale (B. oleracea var. sabellica L.), which is a valuable fresh vegetable during wintertime given its tolerance against frost. In general, kale is characterized by high levels of various nutrients and further constitutional metabolites like glucosinolates, having anticarcinogenic effects. One of the main question is whether kale constitutes a homogenous group or whether regional groups of kale can be distinguished phytochemically and genetically.

In this project we

  • investigate different kale varieties from various origins and countries (like Northern Germany, Italy, USA and others) that differ in traits like growth height, shape, leaf color and curling,

  • explore the variation of glucosinolates in ca. 50 varieties of kale using HPLC- and MS-techniques and test the influence of frost on these compounds,

  • look at phylogenetic relationships of kale and cabbage using KASP-assay techniques,

  • test the effect of these plants on generalist and specialist herbivores (mainly caterpillars).

We expect insights into the relationships of kale varieties, how they differ in their ability to synthesize different glucosinolates and how herbivory exerts influence on this, which cultivar contains the healthiest composition of compounds and which is most resistant to herbivory.

This project is part of the Research Training Group Interdisciplinary approach to functional biodiversity research (IBR)

Latest News:

Publications

  • Hahn C., Albach D. (2013): Der Vergleich verschiedener Sorten des Grünkohls. Oldenburger Jahrbuch 113: 237-256
  • Hahn C., Müller A., Kuhnert N., Albach D. (2016): Diversity of Kale (Brassica oleracea var. sabellica): Glucosinolate Content and Phylogenetic Relationships. J. Agric. Food Chem. 64: 3215-3225
  • Albach D., Mageney V., Hahn C. (2017): Grünkohl - Ein zu wenig beachtetes Gemüse. FOOD-LAB 2/2017: 6-10

Conferences

  • DBG Botanikertagung 2015, Poster Präsentation
  • DBG Phylogenetisches Symposium 2016, Poster Präsentation
  • Annual GFPi conference 2017, Talk

Curriculum vitae

2012

B.Sc. Biology, University of Oldenburg

2012

Bachelor thesis: Grünkohl (Brassica oleracea var. sabellica): Untersuchungen zur Diversität verschiedener Sorten

2012-2015

M.Sc. Biology, University of Oldenburg

2015

Master thesis: The diversity of kale: Glucosinolate content and phylogenetic relationships

Since June 2015

Doctoral student, University of Oldenburg

 

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