Publications since 2006


Arruda T, Oliveira D, Zotz G, Winkler U & Moreira ASP. 2017. The velamen of epiphytic orchids: variation in structure and correlations with nutrient absorption. Flora, 230: 66-74.

García MC, Cavieres LA, Zotz G & Bader MY. 2017. Commensals or competitors? – Insights from reserve allocation and growth in the foundation species Laretia acaulis. Oecologia, 183: 997-1006. Doi 10.1007/s00442-017-3840-5.

Einzmann HJR & Zotz G. 2017.  "No signs of saturation": long-term dynamics of vascular epiphyte communities in a human-modified landscape. Biodiversity and Conservation, 26: 1393-1410. Doi: 10.1007/s10531-017-1306-z.

Gómez González DC, Rodríguez Quiel C, Zotz G & Bader MY. 2017. Species richness and biomass of epiphytic vegetation in a tropical montane forest in western Panama. Tropical Conservation Science, 10: 1-17.

Müller L-LB, Albach D, Zotz G. 2017. 'Are 3 °C too much?': thermal niche breadth in Bromeliaceae and global warming. Journal of Ecology, 105: 507-516.

Will M & Claßen-Bockhoff R. 2017. Time to split Salvia s.l. (Lamiaceae) – New insights from Old World Salvia phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 109: 33-58.




Dulamsuren C, Klinge M, Degener J, Khishigjargal M, Chenlemuge T, Bat-Enerel B, Yeruult Y, Saindovdon D, Ganbaatar K, Tsogtbaatar J, Leuschner C & Hauck M. 2016. Carbon pool densities and a first estimate of the total carbon pool in the Mongolian forest-steppe. Global Change Biology 22: 830-844, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13127.

Einzmann HJR, Zotz G. 2016. How diverse are epiphyte assemblages in plantations and secondary forests in tropical lowlands? Tropical Conservation Science 9: 629-647.

Einzmann HJR & Zotz G. 2016. Epiphytes in human settlements in rural Panama. Plant Ecology & Diversity 9: 277–287.

Hauk M, Artykbaeva GT, Zozulya TN & Dulamsuren C. 2016. Pastoral livestock husbandry and rural livelihoods in the forest-steppe of east Kazakhstan. Journal of Arid Environments 133: 102-111.

Hauck M, Dulamsuren C & Leuschner C. 2016. Anomalous increase in winter temperature and decline in forest growth associated with severe winter smog in the Ulan Bator Basin. Water Air and Soil Pollution 277: 261. doi:10.1007/s11270-016-2957-1.

Liang E, Leuschner C, Dulamsuren C, Wagner B & Hauck M. 2016. Global warming-related tree growth decline and mortality on the north-eastern Tibetan plateau. Climatic Change 134: 163-176, doi: 10.1007/s10584-015-1531-y.

Loranger H, Zotz G & Bader M. 2016. Early establishment of trees at the alpine treeline: idiosyncratic species responses to temperature-moisture interactions. AoB Plants plw053.

Petter G, Wagner K, Zotz G, Cabral JS, Wanek W, Sanchez Delgado EJ & Kreft H. 2016. Functional leaf traits of vascular epiphytes: vertical trends within the forest, intra- and interspecific trait variability, and taxonomic signals. Functional Ecology 30: 188-198, doi10.1111/1365-2435.12490.

Silva JT da, Jin X, Dobránszki J, Lu J, Wang H, Zotz G, Cardoso JC & Zeng S. 2016. Advances in Dendrobium molecular research: applications in genetic variation, identification and breeding. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 95: 196–216.

Taylor A, Saldaña A, Zotz G, Kirby C, Díaz I & Burns K. 2016. Composition patterns and network structure of epiphyte - host interactions in Chilean and New Zealand temperate forests. New Zealand Journal of Botany 54: 204-222.

Vollrath B & Marzini K. 2016. Mehr Vielfalt und rentable Biogasproduktion – mit den richtigen Blühmischungen ist beides möglich. Biogas Journal 2016: 6–10.

Zotz G. 2016. Plants on Plants. The Biology of Vascular Epiphytes, Berlin Heidelberg New York, Springer.

Zotz G & Beyschlag J. 2016. Wie verbreitet ist Heteroblastie bei Bromelien? Die Bromelie: 74-77.

Zotz G & Traunspurger W. 2016. What´s in the tank? Nematodes and other major components of the meiofauna of bromeliad phytotelms in lowland Panama. BMC Ecology 16: 1-9.

Zotz G, Weichgrebe T, Happatz H & Einzmann HJR. 2016. Measuring the terminal velocity of tiny diaspores. Seed Science Research 26: 222–230.




Brandes M, Albach D, Vogt JC, Mayland-Quellhorst E, Mendieta-Leiva G, Golubic S & Palinska KA. 2015. Supratidal Extremophiles-Cyanobacterial Diversity in the Rock Pools of the Croatian Adria. Microbial Ecology 70:876-88, doi: 10.1007/s00248-015-0637-0.

Cabral JS, Petter G, Mendieta Leiva G, Wagner K, Zotz G & Kreft H. 2015. Branchfall as a demographic filter for epiphyte communities: Lessons from forest floor-based sampling. PLoS One 10, e0128019.

Einzmann HJR, Beyschlag J, Hofhansl F, Wanek W & Zotz G. 2015. Host tree phenology affects vascular epiphytes at the physiological, demographic and community level. AoB Plants 7: plu073. doi:10.1093/aobpla/plu073

Mendieta Leiva G & Zotz G. 2015. A conceptual framework for the analysis of vascular epiphyte assemblages. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 17: 510-521.

Wagner K, Mendieta-Leiva G & Zotz G. 2015. Host specificity in vascular epiphytes: a review of methodology, empirical evidence and potential mechanisms. AoB PLANTS, doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plu092.

Werner FA and Homeier J. 2015. Is tropical montane forest heterogeneity promoted by a resource-driven feedback cycle? Evidence from nutrient relations, herbivory and litter decomposition along a topographical gradient. Functional Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12351

Zotz G & Beyschlag J. 2015. How common is heteroblasty in Bromeliaceae? A plea for help in finding the answer. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 65: 186-191.




Bader M, Loranger H & Zotz G. 2014. A cool experimental approach to explain elevational treelines. But can it explain them? American Journal of Botany 101: 1403-1408.

Correa S & Zotz G. 2014. The influence of collecting date, temperature
and moisture regimes on the germination of epiphytic bromeliads. Seed
Science Research
24: 353–363.

Hadi Alkarawi H & Zotz G. 2014. Phytic acid in green leaves of herbaceous plants – Temporal variation in situ and response to different N/P fertilizing regimes. AoB Plants 6: plu048.

Hadi Alkarawi H & Zotz G. 2014. Phytic acid in green leaves. Plant Biology 16: 697-701.

Loranger H, Weisser WW, Ebeling A, Eggers T, De Luca E, Loranger J, Roscher C, Meyer ST. 2014. Invertebrate herbivory increases along an experimental gradient of grassland plant diversity. Oecologia 174: 183-193

Manzano ED, Andrade JL, Zotz G & Reyes-García C. 2014. Respuestas fisiológicas a la sequía de cinco especies de orquídeas epífitas en dos selvas secas de la península de Yucatán. Botanical Sciences 92: 607-616.

Manzano ED, Andrade JL, Zotz G & Reyes-García C. 2014. Epiphytic orchids in tropical dry forests of Yucatan, Mexico – Species occurrence, abundance and correlations with host tree characteristics and environmental conditions. Flora 209: 100–109.

Quezada IM, Zotz G & Gianoli E. 2014. Latitudinal variation in the degree of Crassulacean Acid Metabolism in Puya chilensis. Plant Biology 16: 848-852.

Surina B, Pfanzelt S, Einzmann HJE & Albach DC. 2014. Bridging the Alps and the Middle East: Evolution, phylogeny and systematics of the genus Wulfenia (Plantaginaceae). Taxon 63: 843-858.

Wagner S, Bader MY & Zotz G. 2014. Physiological Ecology of Tropical Bryophytes. In: Hanson DT & Rice SK (Eds.), Photosynthesis of Bryophytes and Early Land Plants. Springer: 269-289.

Wagner S, Zotz G & Bader M. 2014. The temperature acclimation potential of tropical bryophytes. Plant Biology 16: 117-124. doi: 10.1111/plb.12037. Media coverage.

Zotz G, Mendieta Leiva G & Wagner K. 2014. Vascular epiphytes at the 
treeline – composition of species assemblages and population biology. 
Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 209: 




Bader MY, Reich T, Wagner S, González González AS & Zotz G. 2013. Differences in desiccation tolerance do not explain altitudinal distribution patterns of tropical bryophytes. Journal of Bryology 35: 47-56.

Homeier J, Werner FA, Gawlik J, Peters T, Diertl K-HJ & Richter M. 2013. Plant Diversity and Its Relevance for the Provision of Ecosystem Services. In Bendix J, Beck E, Bruning A, Makeschin F, Mosandl R, Scheu S & Wilcke W. Ecosystem services, biodiversity and environmental change in a tropical mountain ecosystem of South Ecuador. pp. 93-106. Springer London.

Kotowska MM & Werner, FA. 2013. Environmental controls over methane emissions from bromeliad phytotelmata: The role of phosphorus and nitrogen availability, temperature, and water content. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 27: 1186-1193.

Kottke I, Setaro S, Haug I, Herrera P, Cruz D, Fries A, Gawlik J, Homeier J, Werner FA, Gerique A & Suárez JP. 2013. Mycorrhiza Networks Promote Biodiversity and Stabilize the Tropical Mountain Rain Forest Ecosystem: Perspectives for Understanding Complex Communities In Bendix J, Beck E, Bruning A, Makeschin F, Mosandl R, Scheu S & Wilcke W. Ecosystem services, biodiversity and environmental change in a tropical mountain ecosystem of South Ecuador. pp. 187-204. Springer London.

Loranger J, Meyer ST, Shipley B, Kattge J, Loranger H, Roscher C, Wirth C & Weisser WW. 2013. Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: Polycultures show strong nonadditive effects. Ecology 94(7): 1499-1509

Meisner K & Zotz G. 2013. Heteroblasty in bromeliads - Anatomical, morphological and physiological changes in ontogeny are not related to the change from atmospheric to tank form. Functional Plant Biology 40: 251-262.

Wagner K, Bogusch W & Zotz G. 2013. The role of the regeneration niche for the vertical stratification of vascular epiphytes. Journal of Tropical Ecology 29: 277-290.

Wagner S, Zotz G, Salazar Allen N & Bader MY. 2013. Altitudinal changes in temperature responses of net photosynthesis and dark respiration in tropical bryophytes. Annals of Botany 111: 455-465.

Werner FA, Jantz N, Krashevska V, Peters T, Behling H, Maraun M, Scheu S & Brehm G. 2013. Climate Change: Effects on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning. In Bendix J, Beck E, Bruning A, Makeschin F, Mosandl R, Scheu S & Wilcke W. Ecosystem services, biodiversity and environmental change in a tropical mountain ecosystem of South Ecuador. pp. 247-264. Springer London.

Zotz G & Winkler U. 2013. Aerial roots of epiphytic orchids: The velamen radicum and its role in water and nutrient uptake. Oecologia 171: 733-741.

Zotz G. 2013. The systematic distribution of vascular epiphytes - a critical update. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 453-481.

Zotz G. 2013. "Hemiepiphyte" - a confusing term and its history. Annals of Botany 111: 1015-1020.

Zotz G. 2013. A longer story than expected- Seeds of seven species (Tillandsioideae) remain viable for up to two years. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 63: 83-86.




Gegenbauer C, Meyer V, Zotz G & Richter A. 2012. Uptake of ant-derived nitrogen in the myrmecophytic orchid Caularthron bilamellatum. Annals of Botany 110: 757-765. doi:10.1093/aob/mcs140

Loranger J, Meyer ST, Shipley B, Kattge J, Loranger H, Roscher C & Weisser WW. 2012. Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: evidence from 51 grassland species in experimental monocultures. Ecology 93: 2674-2682.

Meisner K & Zotz G. 2012. Heteroblasty in bromeliads - Its frequency in a local flora and the timing of the transition from atmospheric to tank form in the field. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 780-788.

Werner FA, Homeier J, Oesker M & Boy M. 2012. Epiphytic biomass of a tropical montane forest varies with topography. Journal of Tropical Ecology 28: 23-31. DOI: 10.1017/S0266467411000526

Zotz G. 2012. Epiphytic bromeliads and climate change. Die Bromelie: 105-109.




Harsch MA & Bader MY. Treeline form - a potential key to understanding treeline dynamics. Global Ecology and Biogeography Early view online: 17 Feb 2011. DOI 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00622.x

Malanson GP, Resler LM, Bader MY, Holtmeier F-K, Butler DR, Weiss DJ, Daniels LD & Fagre DB. 2011. Mountain treelines: a roadmap for research orientation. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 43: 167-177.

Meisner K & Zotz G. 2011. Three morphs, one species. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 61: 104-111.

Poltz K & Zotz G. 2011. Vascular epiphytes on isolated pasture trees along a rainfall gradient in the lowlands of Panama. Biotropica 43: 165-172.

Wanek W & Zotz G. 2011. Are vascular epiphytes nitrogen or phosphorus limited? A study of plant 15N fractionation and foliar N : P stoichiometry with the tank bromeliad Vriesea sanguinolenta. New Phytologist 192: 462-470.

Werner FA. 2011. Reduced growth and survival of vascular epiphytes on isolated remnant trees in a recent tropical montane forest clear-cut. Basic and Applied Ecology 12: 172-181. DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2010.11.002 Published: 2011

Werner FA, Koester N, Kessler M & Gradstein SR. 2011. Is the resilience of epiphyte assemblages to human disturbance a function of local climate? Ecotropica 17: 15-20

Wester S, Mendieta-Leiva G, Nauheimer L, Wanek W, Kreft H & Zotz G. 2011 Physiological diversity and biogeography of vascular epiphytes at Río Changuinola, Panama. Flora 206: 66-79.

Wester S & Zotz G. 2011. Seed comas of bromeliads promote germination and early seedling growth by wick-like water uptake. Journal of Tropical Ecology 27: 115-119.

Yanoviak SP, Berghoff S, Linsenmair KE & Zotz G. 2011. Effects of an epiphytic orchid on arboreal ant community structure in Panama. Biotropica 43: 731-737. DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2011.00764.x

Zotz G, Schmidt G & Mikona C. 2011. What is the proximate cause for size-dependent ecophysiological differences in vascular epiphytes? Plant Biology 13: 902-908. DOI 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2011.00460.x

Zotz G & Bader MY. 2011. Sampling vascular epiphyte diversity - species richness and community structure. Ecotropica 17: 103-112.

Zotz G, Wilhelm K & Becker A. 2011. Heteroblasty - a review. Botanical Review 77: 109-151.



Burns KC & Zotz G. 2010. A hierarchical framework for investigating epiphyte assemblages: networks, metacommunities and scale. Ecology 91: 377-385.

Bader MY, Zotz G & Lange O. 2010. How to minimize the sampling effort for obtaining reliable estimates of diel and annual CO2 budgets in lichens. The Lichenologist 42: 97-111.

Larrea ML & Werner FA. 2010. Response of vascular epiphyte diversity to different land-use intensities in a neotropical montane wet forest. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 1950-1955. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.08.029

Wester S & Zotz G. 2010. Growth and survival of Tillandsia flexuosa on electrical cables in Panama. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26: 123-126. Media coverage.

Winkler U & Zotz G. 2010. "And then there were three": Highly efficient uptake of potassium by foliar trichomes of epiphytic bromeliads. Annals of Botany 106: 421-427.

Zotz G & Asshoff R. 2010. Growth in epiphytic bromeliads: response to the relative supply of phosphorus and nitrogen. Plant Biology 12: 108-113.

Zotz G, Bogusch W, Hietz P & Ketteler N. 2010. Growth of epiphytic bromeliads in a changing world: The effect of elevated CO2 and varying water and nutrient supply. Acta Oecologica 36: 659-665.




Bader MY, Menke G & Zotz G. 2009. A pronounced drought tolerance characterizes the early life stages of the epiphytic bromeliad Tillandsia flexuosa. Functional Ecology 23: 472-479.

Monteiro JAF, Zotz G & Körner C. 2009. Tropical epiphytes in a CO2-rich atmosphere. Acta Oecologica 35: 60-68.

Moreira ASP, Filhoa JP, Zotz G & Isaias RMS. 2009. Anatomy and photosynthetic parameters of roots and leaves of two shade-adapted orchids, Dichaea cogniauxiana Shltr. and Epidendrum secundum Jacq. Flora 204: 604-611.

Winkler U & Zotz G. 2009. Highly efficient uptake of phosphorus in epiphytic bromeliads. Annals of Botany 103: 477-484.

Zotz G. 2009. Growth in the xerophytic epiphyte Tillandsia flexuosa Sw. (Bromeliaceae). Ecotropica 15: 7-12.

Zotz G & Reuter N. 2009. The effect of exposure to sea water on germination and vegetative growth of an epiphytic bromeliad. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 311-319.

Zotz G & Bader M. 2009. Epiphytic plants in a changing world: Global change effects on vascular and non-vascular epiphytes. Progress in Botany 70: 147-170.




Bader MY, Rietkerk M & Bregt AK. 2008. A simple spatial model exploring positive feedbacks at tropical alpine treelines. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 40: 269-278.

Bader MY & Ruijten JJA. 2008. A topography-based model of forest cover at alpine treeline in the tropical Andes. Journal of Biogeography 35: 711-723.

Di Pasquale G, Marziano M, Impagliazzo S, Lubritto C, De Natale A & Bader MY. 2008. The Holocene treeline in the northern Andes (Ecuador): first evidence from soil charcoal. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 259: 17-34.

Hágsater E, Laube S & Sanchez L. 2008. Epidendrum schistostemum. Icones Orchidacearum (Mexico) 11: t. 1177.

Zotz G & Schultz S. 2008. The vascular epiphytes of a lowland forest in Panama-species composition and spatial structure. Plant Ecology 131-141.




Bader MY, van Geloof I & Rietkerk M. 2007. High solar radiation hinders tree establishment above the alpine treeline in northern Ecuador. Plant Ecology 191: 33-45.

Bader MY, Rietkerk M & Bregt AK. 2007. Vegetation structure and temperature regimes of tropical alpine treelines. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 39: 353-364.

Laube S & Zotz G. 2007. A metapopulation approach to the analysis of long-term changes in of the epiphyte vegetation on Annona glabra. Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 613-624.

Zotz G & Kahler H. 2007. A moss ´canopy´ - Small-scale differences in microclimate and physiological traits in Tortula ruralis. Flora 202: 661-666.

Zotz G. 2007. Johansson revisited: the spatial structure of epiphyte assemblages. Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 123-130.

Zotz G, Tyree MT & Cochard H. 2007 Arquitectura hidráulica, relaciones hídricas y vulnerabilidad a la cavitación. In Leigh EG Jr et al. (Eds.). Ecología y evolución en los trópicos, pp. 67-76. Editora Nova Art, Panama.

Zotz G. 2007. The population structure of the vascular epiphytes in a lowland forest in Panama correlates with species abundance. Journal of Tropical Ecology 23: 337-342.




Asshoff R, Zotz G & Körner C. 2006. Phenological and growth response of mature temperate forest trees to four years of CO2-enrichment. Global Change Biology 12: 848-861.

Barrios H, Stuntz S, Simon U & Zotz G. 2006. Fauna de escarabajos (Insecta: Coleoptera) del dosel de árboles tropicales con diferentes especies de epífitas. Scientia  21: 33-56.

Laube S & Zotz G. 2006. Long-term changes in the epiphyte vegetation of the palm, Socratea exorrhiza. Journal of Vegetation Science 17: 307-314.

Laube S & Zotz G. 2006. Neither host-specific nor random: vascular epiphytes on three tree species in a Panamanian lowland forest. Annals of Botany 97: 1103-1114.

Zotz G & Richter A. 2006. Changes in carbohydrate and nutrient contents throughout a reproductive cycle indicate that phosphorus is a limiting Nutrient in the Epiphytic bromeliad, Werauhia sanguinolenta. Annals of Botany 97: 745-754.

Zotz G & Schmidt G. 2006. Population decline in the epiphytic orchid, Aspasia principissa. Biological Conservation 129: 82-90.

Zotz G, Cueni N & Körner C. 2006. In situ growth stimulation of a temperate zone liana (Hedera helix) in elevated CO2. Functional Ecology 20: 763-769.